Preparing your tree's for the winter helping them stay healthy through out the year. Cold stresses take a number of forms. The first is the effect on mature trees of a rapid change between daytime heat and night time freezing. These temperature variations can lead to stresses within the tree between the outer bark and inner wood leading to cracks called frost cracking or southwest injury In most situations, there is very little that can be done to prevent frost cracking. And, in many cases, the tree is able to repair itself although the cracked area remains vulnerable and subsequent cracking at the same place can cause major damage. In the case of young trees and trees such as palms and other tropicals, the tree owner might consider wrapping the bark as part of the fall maintenance procedure. Another cold stress is the impact of sudden early frost on late growth. Late season tree growth is vulnerable because it does not have the same established growth to prepare for the cold , Ice crystals can rupture the cell walls on new tips of branches leading to die off the following season. to avoid this,you should avoid pruning until after the tree has gone into dormancy in the late winter, pruning to soon might encourage new growth and increase the risk of frost damage Avoid fertilizer with high amounts of quick release Nitrogen, tree's can certainly benefit from fall fertilization but is important to know what to avoid . When adding new trees, purchase only those species native to your area's hardiness zone. Trees native to areas even one zone milder than yours might experience significant stresses during your region's winters. Maintain good tree upkeep throughout the year. Strong healthy trees will always have an easier time than weak and damaged ones. Do a post spring inspection of your trees every year. Promptly treat any damage that you find. In preparing for winter, remember to prune only after your trees have entered dormancy after the risk of new growth. Apply a good fall fertilizer that promotes root growth over leaf growth. Lay a layer of mulch down around the bases of your trees to moderate temperature fluctuations and moisture loss. Don't forget to leave a space between the mulch and the trunk of the tree to discourage mice. Check occasionally during the cold season for signs of rodent damage. Use bait, enclosures or repellents as necessary. Deep root injections, Root Fertilization the process of injection's into tree root's, the soil injection's start just below the root zone under pressure which provide's much needed oxygen and nutrients to maintain a healthy tree. The soil injection's are placed two to three feet apart in a grid pattern under the canopy and beyond the drop line. the cost is just a fraction to the cost and care of a new tree. Tree trimming and proper pruning insure's that you tree produce's full foliage and fruit. These's process's will help keep your tree vibrant for years to come A HEALTHY TREE IS A HAPPY TREE R
Insect's and diseases can threaten tree and plant health,when you notice any abnormality in your tree or plants you should carefully examine the problem, Apple Tree Lawncare has treatment and cure's for many types of problems that might save the life of your of your tree's or plants, We will carefully examine the situation accurately identify the plant and or tree, check roots,trunk.and branches bringing forth a solution .Insects and diseases are living agents that need nutrition so they too can live and reproduce some time tree and shrub problems can be avoided or managed by selecting resistant varieties or maintaining a healthy plant . Trees and shrubs in landscape often have to tolerate less than ideal conditions making them more vulnerable to insects and diseases. Understanding how biotic factor affect trees and shrubs, identifying the causal organism(s) and implementing control strategies are essential in managing tree and shrub insect and disease problems in the landscape. Sometimes insects and disease get all the blame for causing tree and shrub problems, but there are many nonliving, or abiotic, causes of plant problems: high temperatures (sunscald), low temperatures (frost damage), drought, flooding, lack of oxygen, lack of sunlight, hail damage, high winds causing plant damage or dessication, air pollutants, deicing salts, herbicide damage, improper planting depth, mechanical injury due to construction damage, lawn mower, vehicles, and animals.Because the problems listed above are caused by mechanical, environmental/physical, or chemical factors, they are not spread from affected plants to healthy plants. As such, abiotic problems are often called noninfectious diseases. Despite the fact abiotic factors weaken, stress, or kill plants, they have no means of spreading to unaffected plants. To be sure you must evaluate the situation carefully to determine the actual problem . The Above Articles Written by James Morris Owner of Apple Tree Lawncare , From Knowledge and Experience and the studies from The University of Disease In Indiana.
Now that the leaves have dropped from your deciduous trees, you may notice Mistletoe infections in the crowns. Even though we like mistletoe as a Christmas and holiday decoration (or catching young maidens standing underneath hanging Mistletoe!), it is not good for the health of your trees.
Winter is the best time to remove Mistletoe since the plants are clearly evident and can be removed easily by an experienced tree climber.
Mistletoe is a hemi-parasite, meaning that it derives some of its sustenance from the tree that it is growing on. It rarely kills a tree, but does weaken the tree, causing limb failure or breakage and an overall decline in health.
There is no “cure” for mistletoe. Mistletoe is a sign of a tree that is under stress, normally due to cultural and environmental conditions. A good plant health care program is the best prevention for Mistletoe as healthy trees are much less prone to infestation.
If your trees have mistletoe, the best treatment is to remove infected limbs if possible or removing the visible portion of the mistletoe on limbs that should not be removed. Removing the entire limb removes the Mistletoe entirely. Removing the Mistletoe only retards Mistletoe growth and keeps it from spreading into the rest of the crown and into neighboring trees.
Mistletoe spreads by birds which eat the fruit and then deposit the seeds onto limbs either in their droppings or by wiping the sticky seeds from their bills. Removing mistletoe from infected limbs keeps the plant from producing seeds for at least two years and thus reduces the spread of the plant in your trees.
Scott Geer has a Masters Degree in Forestry from Stephen F. Austin State University and is a Certified Arborist with the International Society of Arboriculture and a member of the American Society of Consulting Arborists.